Jonathan Francis Uren's Trip Report

Trip Report Title: 
Sri Lanka 3-18/11/13
Tour Strat: 
Saturday, November 2, 2013
Tour End: 
Sunday, November 17, 2013

Trip Report Year:


Pauline Ann Heath & Stephen David Heath - Nandana - Christina Maria Uren & Jonathan Francis Uren (Jon and Chris) - Silva

Sri Lanka was our chosen destination for this year’s (2013) holiday for 4 of us and after some investigation of various options we decided to go with Walk With Jith http://www.walkwithjith.com/ who had been at the Birdfair and who had impressed us and seems genuinely interested in providing a holiday that gave us the opportunity to see all the endemics, lots of other bird species and included some other wildlife and some cultural sites.

3-4/11

So on 3rd Nov Chris and I left with our friends Steve and Pauline for an overnight BA flight to Colombo via the Maldives. The flight left 1 hour late and was uneventful with most of the passengers leaving in the Maldives so that there were only about 30 of us who arrived in a hot and humid Colombo about 1 hour behind schedule at about 14:40 local time on 4th Nov . We managed 4 common bird species from the aircraft in the Maldives but did not have the hoped for Frigate bird flying past. As there were few passengers landing in Colombo the trip through customs and immigration was completed fairly quickly and we were met by the Walk With Jith representative Mr Colima in the arrivals lounge. After changing some money into Rupees we were off in the van that was taking us to our hotel in Kitagula (Kitagula Rest House).

Roadside birding produced the expected Herons and Egrets but little else of note. We arrived at the hotel in the late afternoon and managed to find a few common species in the grounds before it got dark. Mr Cotina and the driver left as at this hotel as we were being met by our guide and driver for the holiday at the hotel later in the evening.

We were pleasantly surprised with the standard of the hotel and the spectacular view of the river and rain-forest that were on the other side of the river the river “Kwai” (the film Bridge over the River Kwai was filmed near here). After dinner we met up with Nandana who was to be our guide throughout the holiday. He set out the plan for the next morning:- up early, a boat trip over the river and some birding during the morning.

Blue Tailed Bee-eater
Blue Tailed Bee-eater

5/11

Up early the next morning for the trip across the river into the rain-forest. After a trip across on the local ferry we walked through the village on the other side of the river you eventually reach the Makandawa Rain Forest Reserve which is maintained mainly for the various species of birds that are there. Amongst the more common species seen we also had Hill Mynah, Spot–winged Thrush, Orange-billed Babbler(E), Brown Capped Woodpecker, Layards Parakeet(E), Black-capped Bulbul(E), Sri Lankan Green Pigeon(E), Yellow-fronted Barbet(E), Ceylon Grey Hornbill(E), Scarlet Minivet and Ceylon Hanging Parrot(E) so we had already seen 6 of the 33 endemics in our first morning. Whilst in the forest we stopped at some paddy-fields for an hour or so whilst Nandana went searching for Serendip Scops Owl roosting without success. We eventually returned to the hotel for lunch and in the late afternoon we crossed the river again to search for Serendip Scops Owl at dusk. We spent a fruitless couple of hours without any success and eventually returned in the pitch black to get the boat back to the hotel.

Green Garden Lizard
Green Garden Lizard

6/11

Off early in the van after meeting Silva who would be our driver for the holiday and we travelled the short distance to a suspension foot bridge over the river. More birding on the other side and we had good views of a Chestnut-backed Owlet, Ceylon Hanging Parrot(E), Indian Pitta, Ceylon White Eye(E), Orange-Billed Babbler(E), Spot-winged Thrush(E) and the more common species before returning to the hotel for breakfast.

After breakfast we left the hotel for the trip to Sigiriya where we were to stay at the Sigirya Village Hotel arriving in mid-afternoon to find another decent hotel with both good accommodation and food. In the late afternoon we climbed the rock at Sigiriya as it would be a cooler climb than in the morning. Despite the cooler weather the climb was hard work but the view from the top in the late afternoon light was spectacular and the ruined palaces and historic art were worth the effort needed to see them.

View from the top of Sigiriya Rock
View from the top of Sigiriya Rock

7/11

We had a pre breakfast birding trip around the base of the rock which proved to be very productive and we have our only views of a number of species including Orange headed Thrush, White-rumped Sharma, Coppersmiths Barbet, Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike and Plain Prinia amongst a selection of more common species. After breakfast we went for a trip to Polonnaruwa to have a tour around the extensive ruins that cover a large area and show much of the history of Sri Lanka when the capital was at these inland sites. After this we went for an unplanned visit to a nearby Elephant Reserve at Kaudulla where we had a couple of hours watching wild Asian Elephants in their natural surroundings. Lots of photos were taken by everyone and we had excellent views of lots of different Elephants before one less happy individual took a dislike to a couple of other vehicles and they had to move on rapidly as it charged them and it then turned on our vehicle and charged us before we moved on to leave him enough space. It was starting to get dark so we returned to the hotel at Sigiriya for our evening meal and a few beers. Not much birding was done today after the early morning trip

Elephant at Kaudulla National Park
Elephant at Kaudulla National Park

8/11

After breakfast we were off again to travel to Kandy which is the second largest city in Sri Lanka and in the mountainous area in the centre of the country. Stopping along the way to briefly look at a Golden Buddha statue in Dambula, we then stopped at a Spice Garden and had a tour. All the various spices were explained and we then had an opportunity for an Ayurvedic massage before progressing on to our hotel in Kandy (Nature Walk) which was OK but not up to the standard of the previous ones. As it got dark we went to a traditional Dance Show and then on to the Temple of the Tooth which is the most important Buddhist Shrine in the country and was full of tourists and locals, a most impressive site but too crowded to appreciate it fully. Back to the hotel for a reasonably good meal and a couple of beers. We didn’t see many bird species but we did manage to catch up with our first Hill Swallows of the trip

Blue Tailed Bee-eater
Blue Tailed Bee-eater

9/11

Up early for a morning walk in Udawattakelle Forest reserve before breakfast, the reserve is inside the city of Kandy but is an extensive area of Tropical Forest with a number of good birds to be seen including Brown Fish Owl, Crimson Backed Flameback(E) and Forest Wagtail. Back to the hotel for breakfast and then off to Nuwara Eliya in the centre of the country to look for the birds of the high mountainous areas and to visit a tea plantation.

We arrived at the Grand Hotel in Nuwara Eliya in the early afternoon. The hotel and many other buildings in Nuwara Eliya are relics of colonial Ceylon and the hotel still looks and feels much as hotels must have done in that era. Both the food and accommodation are excellent and this is the best hotel we stayed in during the trip.

We explored the hotel and its grounds before going for a walk around Victoria Park which is in the centre of the town. Despite lots of people using the park it is still a good birding location and is famous as a wintering spot for Kashmir Flycatcher which we saw well. We also had Dull Blue Flycatcher(E) and both Slaty-legged and Ruddy-breasted Crakes but we had no success with both Pied and Scaly Thrush which do frequent the area. After touring the park we went to a location beyond Gregory Lake for Ceylon Whistling Thrush(E) which we saw in the gathering gloom after some effort.

Pink trumpet flower
Pink trumpet flower

10/11

We were away from the hotel at c.4:30am after collecting packed breakfasts and lunches as we were going to be out for most of the day. We were in a different van today as the roads we would be travelling to get to Horton Plains were rougher so we had a new driver/guide for the day as well as Nandana. After a couple of hours we reached the entrance to the national park but we had to wait for the gate to be opened so we wandered around the entrance area for a while and managed to find Ceylon Bush-warbled(E), a good start to the day. Eventually the gate opened and we drove for a short distance and then stopped at a location for Ceylon Whistling Thrush (E) which after about an hour of searching revealed itself. We had our packed breakfast and drove on to the car-park at the centre of Horton Plains where a tame Sambar provided everyone with photo opportunities. We then started the walk to World’s End and back which should hopefully produce some good birds as well as being spectacular scenery. Unfortunately it was cloudy and misty for much of the walk but we did get to see our first Sri-Lankan Wood Pigeon(E) as well as Green Warbler, Pied Bushchat, Indian Blackbird , Black Throated Munia and our only Spotted Flycatcher of the trip. We also had both Toque Macaque and Grey Langur monkeys and we heard Purple-faced Leaf Monkey but we didn’t manage to see them through the mist..

When the cloud/mist lifted the scenery was spectacular but we didn’t get to see the view from Worlds End due to the cloud but we did get to see the spectacular Baker’s falls where Sri Lankan Junglefowl(E) were incredibly tame and were looking for food provided by the tourists. We also saw evidence of Leopard with footprints in the sand on a riverbank. We returned in the late afternoon and had more good food at the “Sri Lankan Night” buffet dinner in the hotel.

Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl
Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl

11/11

Pre breakfast birding in Victoria Park added Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler(E) to the list before returning to the hotel and preparing to move on to our next hotel in Tissamaharama. The drive was broken up with a stop at Surrey Bird Sanctuary where we were shown the resident pair of Brown Wood Owls and we also saw Mountain Hawk Eagle and then later we went searching for Streak-throated Woodpecker at a known spot in a tea plantation without success.

Eventually we reached the Hibiscus Gardens Hotel at Tissa and after checking in we went to look for birds around the local tanks (lakes). Yellow Bittern was the highlight of a selection of the more common water birds that we saw before the rains arrived and we abandoned birding for the day due to the downpour. The normal evening routine followed with the added interest of an upstairs restaurant and a torrential downpour whilst we had our meal. Again the hotel was of reasonable standard and the food was generally good.

Brahminy Kite
Brahminy Kite

Yellow Bittern
Yellow Bittern

12/11

Another early morning with a trip by Safari Jeep to Yala Wildlife Sanctuary today with the primary objective of seeing Leopard. Lesser Whistling Duck and Greater Thick-knee were seen by the entrance road and we added more new birds within the first few hours in the park including Yellow-wattled Lapwing, Pheasant Tailed Jacana and Lesser Adjutant. Animals seen included a single bull Elephant, lots of Spotted Deer, Grey Langur and Toque Macaque Monkeys, 5 stripped Squirrel, Sambar, Monitor Lizards, Grey Mongoose, Warthog, Water Buffalo and a few large Mugger Crocodiles.

More birds were added to the list including Barred Buttonquail, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Orange Breasted Green Pigeon, Sirkeer Malkoha, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, Jacobin Cuckoo and some photogenic Peafowl before we stopped for our packed breakfast. The designated area was next to the ocean and it has a memorial to the 47 people who were killed by the Tsunami in Yala and the foundations of a house that is all that remains of it

After breakfast we went back into the park looking for Leopards and adding birds and other animals to the list without any success with the Leopard and we returned to the same location by the ocean for lunch. After lunch the same routine was followed but eventually as the afternoon wore on we came across other people who had seen Leopard and as the dusk approached we eventually came across one sat in a very distant tree to digest its recent meal. Without a scope we would only have had views of a distant brown “blob” but with the scope you could see that it was a Leopard and could get a reasonable view but all the pictures we took are inevitably of poor quality. It soon started to rain heavily so we left the park and returned to the hotel for the normal meal and beers

Indian Darter tossing a fish into its mouth
Indian Darter tossing a fish into its mouth

13/11

We left at 06:00 for Bondala reserve in the same vehicle as yesterday. Bondala is a bird reserve rather than a game reserve but it is close to Yala so I suspect some of the game does appear in the park at times. Whilst the driver dealt with getting entrance tickets for the park we found Blue-faced Malkoha(E) in trees close to the entrance. We also had White-napped Woodpecker, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Ashy Prinia, Brahminy Starling, Pied Kingfisher and Black Bittern in the reserve. Much of the reserve was inaccessible due to the flooding and so we toured the parts you could access and then moved on to the adjacent Salt Pans to see the birds there. Large numbers of terns and waders were present with a selection of raptors and we spent a couple of hours working through the available species and having our breakfast whilst added Small Pratincole, Greater and Lesser Sand Plover and many more common wader species as well as Caspian, Lesser and Greater Crested Terns and Spot-billed Pelican to our lists. Raptors were represented by Osprey, Changeable Hawk Eagle, Shikra, Grey-headed Fish Eagle and White-bellied Sea Eagle.

We returned to the hotel for lunch and then went for another walk around the local tanks where there is a huge roost of Indian Flying Fox. We managed to get more good views of Black and Yellow Bitterns, Night Heron and Purple Gallinule and we also saw Clamorous Reed Warbler, Baya Weaver, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Cotton Pygmy Geese and eventually after much searching by Nandana he found a Watercock which gave good but distant views.

Greater Thick-knee
Greater Thick-knee

14/11

A lie in until 06:30 followed by a huge breakfast and then we were off to our next destination, the Rock View Motel near Sinharaja. A stop on the way at a known roost for Indian Scops Owl at the Elephant Orphanage broke up the trip and we arrived at the hotel at lunchtime. After lunch we went for a walk locally to see what we could find. We are back in tropical rain forest so the species seen reflected this with Orange-breasted Pigeon, Orange-billed Babbler and Lesser Yellow-nape seen amongst a good selection of common species.

15/11

We were out of the hotel in the early morning to transfer to the Blue Magpie Lodge where we had planned to stay on 14th but it was full. After dropping off our bags we were off in a local Jeep for a trip to Sinharaja reserve up the very difficult entrance track. On the way we had a diversion to a local site for Serendip Scops Owl where we failed to find them but we did see Green-billed Coucal(E). We stopped after a short while and the driver, park guide and Nandana all were off searching the local area. Eventually we were beckoned forward to the location where they had found two Tawny Frogmouths roosting which gave us the opportunity for some close photos. On up the track again and the process was repeated and this time we had excellent views of Ceylon Spurfowl(E) feeding on the forest floor. Back into the vehicle and we stopped at the famous and very basic Martins Simple Lodge for a cold drink. On again to the reserve itself where we left the vehicle at the entrance and walked the main track. Here we had views of Chequered Keel backed Water Snake which was catching fish in a small stream and also Yellow Fronted Barbet(E), Tricoloured Munia, Bright Green Leaf Warbler, Golden-fronted Leafbird, Ceylon Myna(E), Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush(E)and Sri Lankan Drongo(E). The Ceylon Blue Magpie(E) are very tame and will come to investigate you and provide excellent photo opportunities. We also had good views of a Green Vine Snake and a brief view of the back of a Purple-faced Leaf Monkey.

We walked back down the track in the afternoon and saw many of the same species and a few new ones but failed with 3 main remaining target species Serendip Scops Owl, Scaly Thrush and White-faced Starling. It was almost dark as we arrived back at the entrance and the drive down provided a chance view of a Mouse Deer walking down the track in the headlights in front of us. A shower, beers, food and bed were all welcome at the end of a long days birding.

Sri Lanka Frog Mouth
Sri Lanka Frog Mouth

16/11

Up early again with a trip to search the local area for Serendip Scops Owl before it got fully light, as one of us stepped out of the Jeep they stepped over a snake which then proceeded to attempt a strike but fortunately they were just too far away and it didn’t make contact. Photos allowed it’s identification as a Merrem’s hump-nosed Viper, only a small snake (c.12-15 inches long) but apparently venomous so they were fortunate not to be bitten. After moving the snake off the track all three of the guides/drivers with us searched the precipitous hillside for the Serendip without success so we were off back to the reserve. No stopping on the entrance track this time and we were soon walking the track again looking in particular for Serendip Scops Owl, Scaly Thrush and White-faced Starling.

Many of the same birds were seen but we also had Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel, Spot-winged Thrush(E), White-throated Flowerpecker, views of the Water Snakes and another close encounter with the Magpies. Eventually Nandana heard the call of the Starling and found one high up in some trees and we all got reasonable views of this difficult to get species and we also finally got a reasonable view of Purple-faced Leaf Monkey. After lunch we tried one last time for Scaly Thrush finding a nest but no birds. Eventually as the light faded to a strange orange glow everywhere we made our way back down and it started to rain heavily again as we arrived at Blue Magpie Lodge and we had a spectacular thunderstorm to accompany our last meal here.

Sri Lanka Blue Magpie
Sri Lanka Blue Magpie

17/11

Up early for one last try for Serendip Scops without success but we did see an Atlas Moth and both Dusky and Layards squirrel and had more good views of Spot-winged Thrush(E), Orange-billed Babbler(E) and Lesser Yellownape. After breakfast we said goodbye to Silva as he was going to start another trip and we had a different van to take us to the hotel near the airport. The drive to the final hotel was uneventful with a brief stop to look at a Black Eagle. The Tamarind tree Hotel at Negombo was fine and provided a good lunch when we arrived. We then had a wander round the grounds without seeing any birds of note before we ventured outside the grounds and purchased a few souvenirs and presents from a local shop.

Kangaroo Lizard
Kangaroo Lizard

18/11

Up for breakfast after a lie in and we were ready to leave for our flight in plenty of time. The trip to the airport only took 10 minutes and then after saying goodbye to Nandana and getting through the normal processes at the airport we had a coffee before boarding our early afternoon flight to the UK which arrived at Gatwick on time at c.21:45

 

An excellent holiday with good company, lots of good birds with some culture and other wildlife as well. The organisation was perfect and the guide Nandana and driver Silva both proved themselves to be experts in their jobs. We missed a few birds but they were all un-gettable so we cannot be disappointed. I will happily go back to Sri Lanka at some point hopefully to get back the species we missed – Serendip Scops, Scaly Thrush and Pied Thrush and maybe to try for Blue Whale at the same time

Indian Pea Fowl
Indian Pea Fowl

 

 

Birds Seen

Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica Bundala and Yala
Cotton Pygmy-Goose Nettapus coromandelianus Bundala
Ceylon Spurfowl Galloperdix bicalcarata Sinharaja
Ceylon Junglefowl Gallus lafayetii Horton Plains, Yala and Sinharaja very easy to see in some locations
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus Common in Yala
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Tissamaharama Lake
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Black Stork Ciconia nigra Seen en-route to Sigiriya
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus Bundala and Yala
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus A single bird at Yala
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala Seen en-route to Sigiriya and at both Bundala and Yala
Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis Seen en-route to Sigiriya and at both Bundala and Yala
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis Tissamaharama Lake and at Bundala
Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis Tissamaharama Lake and in the hotel grounds at Tissamaharama
Gray Heron Ardea cinerea Sinyriya, Tissamaharama, Bundala and Yala
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Sinyriya, Tissamaharama, Bundala and Yala
Great Egret Ardea alba Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Indian Pond-Heron Ardeola grayii Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Tissamaharama Lake and in the hotel grounds at Tissamaharama
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus Sinyriya, Tissamaharama, Bundala and Yala
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Sinyriya, Tissamaharama, Bundala and Yala
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Bundala
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus See at Sigaiya and en-route to Kandy
Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus Seen fairly regularly in suitable habitat
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis Sigiriya and at Horton Plains
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis Kitagula and from the road whilst driving near Sinharaja
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus One sighting en-roue to Tissamaharama
Shikra Accipiter badius Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Sigiriya, Bundula and Yala
Gray-headed Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Only Bundula and Yala
Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides One Victoria Park, Nuwara Eliya
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea One sighting on a lake at Tissamaharama
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Eurasian Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus Bundula and Yala
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris Bundula and Yala
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus Bundula and Yala
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Bundula Salt Pans
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva Bundula Salt Pans
Lesser Sand-Plover Charadrius mongolus Bundula Salt Pans
Greater Sand-Plover Charadrius leschenaultii Bundula Salt Pans
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Bundula Salt Pans
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Bundula Salt Pans
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Bundula and Yala
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Bundula and Yala
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Bundula Salt Pans
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Bundula and Yala
Common Redshank Tringa totanus Bundula and Yala
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Bundula Salt Pans
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Bundula Salt Pans
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Bundula Salt Pans
Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura Bundula
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Bundula Salt Pans
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator Yala
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea Bundula Salt Pans
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Bundula Salt Pans
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Bundula Salt Pans
Great Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii Bundula Salt Pans
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis Bundula Salt Pans
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis Bundula Salt Pans
Rock Pigeon Columba livia Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Sri Lanka Wood-Pigeon Columba torringtoniae Horton Plains and Sinharaja
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto See on the road to Kitagula
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica Kitagula and Sinharaja
Orange-breasted Pigeon Treron bicinctus Yala and Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Green-Pigeon Treron pompadora Kitagula
Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea Kitagula, Yala and in Sinharaja
Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus A single bird at Yala
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii A single bird at Sinharaja
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus Sinharaja
Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris Horton Plains and Yala
Sirkeer Malkoha Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii Yala
Red-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus Sinharaja
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis Kitagula, Yala and in Sinharaja
Green-billed Coucal Centropus chlororhynchus Sinharaja
Indian Scops-Owl Otus bakkamoena Sinharaja
Oriental Scops-Owl Otus sunia Sigariya
Brown Fish-Owl Ketupa zeylonensis Seen in flight at Kandy and at a roost site en-route to Tissamaharama
Chestnut-backed Owlet Glaucidium castanonotum Kitagula and heard at Sinharaja
Brown Wood-Owl Strix leptogrammica Seen on road to Tissamaharama
Ceylon Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger A pair a roost in Sinharaja
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus Common throughout the trip
Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor Seen most days throughout the trip
Alpine Swift Apus melba A single bird Sinharaja
Little Swift Apus affinis Seen most days throughout the trip
Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis Yala and Bundala
Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata Kitagula
Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus Sinharaja
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis Yala
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis Yala
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops Bundala and Yala
Ceylon Gray Hornbill Ocyceros gingalensis Kitahula
Malabar Pied-Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus Kitagula, Bundala and Yala
Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Yellow-fronted Barbet Megalaima flavifrons Kitagula and Sinharaja
Little Barbet Megalaima rubricapillus Udawattakelle Forest
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala Kandy
Brown-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis Kitagula and Sigiriya
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis Yala
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus Kitagula and Sinharaja
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense Kitagula and Sigiriya
Crimson-backed Flameback Chrysocolaptes stricklandi Horton Plains, Yala, Bundula and Sinharaja
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus Bundala
Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala Kitagula
Layard's Parakeet Psittacula calthropae Kitagula and Sigiriya
Ceylon Hanging-Parrot Loriculus beryllinus Kitagula and Sinharaja
Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura Kitagula, Kandy and Yala
Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinis Kitagula
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus Kitagula and Yala
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia Kitagula, Sigiriya, Kany and Yala
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus Sigiriya
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus Kitagula and yala
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Lalage melanoptera Siniriya
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus Udawattakelle and Horton Plains
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens Kitagula
Sri Lanka Drongo Dicrurus lophorinus Sinharaja
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola Kitagula and Yala
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea Udawattakelle
Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Ceylon Magpie Urocissa ornata Sinharaja
House Crow Corvus splendens Regarlarly seen away from rain forests
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Jerdon's Bushlark Mirafra affinis Yala
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula Horton Plains and Yala
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Seen in large numbers at Yala and Bundala
Hill Swallow Hirundo tahitica Kandy and Horton Plains
Sri Lanka Swallow Cecropis hyperythra Kitagula and Yala
Gray-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis Nuwara Ellia and Horton Plains
Great Tit Parus major Horton Plains
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis Horton Plains
Black-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus Kitagula and Sinharaja
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer Seen regularly
Yellow-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus penicillatus Udawattakelle and Horton Plains
White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus Bundala
Yellow-browed Bulbul Iole indica Kitagula, Yala and in Sinharaja
Square-tailed Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa Kitagula and Sinharaja
Bright Green Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus Horton Plains and Sinharaja
Large-billed Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris Seen regularly in suitable habitat
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Horton [plains
Ceylon Bush-Warbler Bradypterus palliseri Horton [plains
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis Sigariya and Horton Plains
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius Sigariya, Udawattakelle and Horton Plains
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis Bnundata
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata Sigiriya
Ceylon White-eye Zosterops ceylonensis Kitagula, Udawattakelle and Horton Plains
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus Sigiriya, Kandy and Sinharaja
Brown-capped Babbler Pellorneum fuscocapillus Kitagula, Sinharaja and Udawattakelle
Ashy-headed Laughingthrush Garrulax cinereifrons Sigiriya
Orange-billed Babbler Turdoides rufescens Kitagula and Sinharaja
Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Sri Lanka Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus melanurus Tissamaharama
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Horton Plains
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris Kitagula, Sigiriya and Udawattakelle
Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui Sinharaja
Indian Robin Copsychus fulicatus Seen regularly in suitable habitat
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis Seen regularly in suitable habitat
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus Sigiriya and at Horton Plains
Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae Kitagula and Kandy
Dull-blue Flycatcher Eumyias sordidus Nuwaya Eliya and Hotrton Plains
Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea Tissamaharama
Ceylon Whistling-Thrush Myophonus blighi Udawattakeele and Nuwara Ellya
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra Victoria Park, Nuwara Elita
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata Nuwara Eliya
Spot-winged Thrush Geokichla spiloptera Kitagula and Sinharaja
Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina Sigiriya
Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus Udawatakelle and Horton Plains
Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica Kitagula and Udawattakelle
Ceylon Myna Gracula ptilogenys Sinharaja
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis Regularly seen in suitable habitat
White-faced Starling Sturnia albofrontata Sinharaja
Brahminy Starling Temenuchus pagodarum Bundala
Jerdon's Leafbird Chloropsis jerdoni Kitagula
Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons Sinharaja
White-throated Flowerpecker Dicaeum vincens Sinharaja
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos Sinharaja
Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Long-billed Sunbird Cinnyris lotenius Tissamaharama
Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Bundala
Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Seen occasionally in suitable habitat
Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus Sigiriya, Yala and Bundala
Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Udawattakelle and in Victoria Park, Nuwara Eliya
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus Tissamaharama
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata Kitagula and Tissamaharama
Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti Nuwara Eliya and Bundala
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata Bundala and Sinharaja
Tricolored Munia Lonchura malacca Sinharaja

 

Other Species seen

Asian Elephant Kaudulla and Yala
Leopard Yala
Wild Boar Yala
Black backed Jackal On road to Yala
   
Water Buffalo Yala
   
Sambar Horton Plains Bundula and Yala
Spotted Dear Yala
Mouse Deer (Chevrotain) Sinharaja
Indian Muntjac Yala
   
Tufted Grey Langur Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Toque Monkey Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Purple faced leaf monkey Sinharaja
   
Indian Grey Mongoose Regularly seen in suitable habitat
   
Grizzled Giant Squirrel Sinharaja
Dusky Palm Squirrel Sinharaja
Layards Palm Squirrel Regularly seen in suitable habitat
   
Indian Flying Fox Tissamaharama
   
Indian (black napped) Hare Yala
   
Green Vine Snake Sinharaja
Hog nosed viper Sinharaja
Chequered keel Backed Water snake Sinharaja
Common Krait Kitagula
   
Mugger Crocodile Bundula and Yala
Water Monitor Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Green Garden Lizard Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Garden Lizard Regularly seen in suitable habitat
Kangaroo Lizard Sinharaja
Rhino-horned Lizard Horton Plains
Gecko sp  
   
Indian Moon Moth Sinharaja
?? Butterflies  

 

Author/s of the report: 
Jonathan Francis Uren
Group size: 
4
Members of the group (clients): 
Jonathan Francis Uren
Christina Maria Uren
Stephen David Heath
Pauline Ann Heath
Tour Guide: 
Nandana