Tony Murray's Trip Report

Trip Report Title: 
Travel Report by Tony Murray - January 2012
Tour Strat: 
Tuesday, January 10, 2012
Tour End: 
Friday, January 20, 2012

Trip Report Year:

Travel Report by Tony Murray - January 2012

Sarah, Nandana and Tony Murray
Sarah, Nandana Hewagamage & Tony, Sinharaja, 19th Jan 2012.

Birding & Wildlife Tour of Sri Lanka January 2012 – Tony Murray

This trip was a combined self organized trip with a tour after a weeks stay in Kalamatiya organized by Prasinjith Caldera (www.walkwithjith.com) and led by Nandana Hewagamage. My email is murraytony@hotmail.com

5th to 11th January 2012
Kalamatyia, situated just a short distance off the coastal road on the south coast of the island between Tangalle and Hambantota. The gorgeous Indian Ocean and rich lagoons and mangrove swamps characterize this bird sanctuary. The Kalamatiya Bird Sanctuary is an ideal location for undisturbed bird-watching. A vast selection of wetland birds are found here and the area is typical dry zone scrub in the surrounding area of the Kalamatiya Bird Sanctuary.

Accommodation – Turtle Bay, Kalamatiya (http://www.turtlebay.lk/)

11th January 2012   
Afternoon birding in and around Bundala Ramsar Wetland. Bundala Ramsar Wetland was the first wetland declared as Ramsar wetland in Sri Lanka, comprising scrub jungle bordering the sea together with large shallow pools. Very good place to watch water birds & migrant waders during northern winter.

Accommodation – Hibiscus Garden Hotel, Tissamaharama

12th January 2012
Yala National Park/Ruhuna (Yala) National Park
This park situated in Dry zone in Sri Lanka, comprising a diversity of habitats including scrub jungles, water reservoirs, brakish lagoons and riverine habitats. The best park in the country for viewing mammals including Leopard and Elephant.

Accommodation –Hibiscus Garden Hotel, Tissamaharama

13th January 2012
Morning visit to Deberawewa area and wetlands. Morning drives to Nuwara Eliya highland city, stopping off in Ella area and Welimama. Arriving late in the day in Nuwara Eliya, where we visited Victoria Park in the town itself.

Accommodation – Leisure Village, Nuwara Eliya 

14th January 2012
Strikingly different from the other national parks in that, visitors to Horton Plains are allowed to walk on their own on the designated tracks. The scenic beauty and wildlife of Horton Plains which is a remote 2000m high plateau just south of Nuwara Eliya. Most habitats and endemic plants and animals representative of our wet and montane zones are to be found here. We did the 9.km trail after first light birding in side the park. The 9.5km trail afforded excellent birding and fantastic views from the viewpoints along the trails and at the falls.

Accommodation – Leisure Village, Nuwara Eliya 

15th January 2012
Morning drives to Kitulgala Village, with afternoon birding in the area.

Accommodation – Rest House, Kitulgala

16th January 2012
Full day birding in Kitulgala forest and village area. Kithulgala is situated on a particularly delightful stretch of the Kelani river that incorporates rock-strewn section and rapids, often enclosed by high banks of tall bamboo, conditions ideal for the sport of White Water Rafting.

Accommodation – Rest House, Kitulgala

17th January 2012
Morning drives to Sinharaja village. Afternoon bird watching in Sinharaja Man & Biosphere Reserve (rain forest). Sinharaja world heritage rain forest is the last remaining significant primary forest patch in the island. It is home to most endemic flora & fauna species. This is the single most important site in Sri Lanka in term of endemic birds and encounter spectacular mixed feeding flocks of birds.

Accommodation – Martin’s Lodge, Sinharaja village

18th January 2012
Full day birding in Sinharaja Man & Biosphere Reserve.

Accommodation – Martin’s Lodge, Sinharaja village

18th January 2012
Drive to Colombo.

Accommodation  - Mount Lavina Hotel (www.mountlaviniahotel.lk/front/index.php)

Taxonomy -
The taxonomy of several species is complex and debated by various authorities. There are many lists on the birds of Sri Lanka and all use different names for different species. In general I have followed (with some exceptions);
Kaluthota, C. D. & Kotagama, S. W. (2009) Birds of Sri Lanka – A Tally List. Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka, Colombo.

Birds - Systematic List  

1.         Little Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollis
Common in Kalamatiya, seen also in Yala.

2.         Little Cormorant - Phalacrocorax niger [pygmeus]

Common everywhere.

3.         Indian Cormorant - Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

Common everywhere.

4.         Great Cormorant - Phalacrocorax carbo
Seen only once at a river crossing south of Colombo

5.         Oriental Darter - Anhinga melanogaster
Common in Kalamatiya, seen also in Bundala and Yala.

6.         Spot-billed Pelican - Pelecanus philippensis
Seen everywhere from Colombo city itself.

7.         Little Egret - Egretta garzetta

Common.

8.         Great White Egret - Egretta alba

Common.

9.         Intermediate Egret - Mesophoyx intermedia

Common.

10.       Western Reef Heron - Egretta gularis
Only seen in Bundala, where we seen two separate birds, an all dark individual and out in the slatpans a slightly paler bird.

11.       Grey Heron - Ardea cinerea
Common, especially in Kalamatiya.

12.       Purple Heron - Ardea purpurea
Common, especially in Kalamatiya.

13.       Indian Cattle Egret - Bubulcus coromandus
Common.

14.       Indian Pond-heron - Ardeola grayii
Common.

15.       Striated Heron - Butorides striatus [striatus]

Only one in Kalamatiya.

16.       Black-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax

Common in Kalamatiya, also seen in Bundala.

17.       Chinese Yellow Bittern - Ixobrychus sinensis

Seen in Bundala, Yala and seemed especially common in Deberawewa.

18.       Black Bittern - Ixobrychus flavicollis
One briefly in Kalamatiya and excellent views of one in Deberawewa.

19.       Painted Stork - Mycteria leucocephala
Common.

20.       Asian Openbill - Anastomus oscitans
Common.

21.       Black-headed Ibis - Threskiornis melanocephalus [aethiopicus]
Common.

22.       Eurasian Spoonbill - Platalea leucorodia
Common.

23.       Lesser Whistling-duck - Dendrocygna javanica
Common, especially Kalamatiya.

24.       Garganey - Anas querquedula

Common in Bundala, seen also in Yala

25.       Northern Pintail - Anas acuta
One in Kalamatiya

26.       Oriental Honey-Buzzard - Pernis ptilorhyncus
One Horton’s Plains, one Kitugala

27.       Brahminy Kite - Haliastur indus

Common.

28.       Black Kite - Milvus migrans

Three together in Kalamatiya.

29.       Black-winged Kite  Elanus caeruleus

One not far from Nuwara Eliya.

30.       Rufous-bellied Eagle - Hieraatus kienerii

Just one seen in Kitugala.

31.       Shikra - Accipiter badius

Seen in Bundala and Kitugala and a couple in transit.

32.       White-bellied Sea-Eagle - Haliaeetus leucogaster

Common in Kalamatiya, also seen in Yala.
 

33.       Grey-headed Sea-Eagle - Icthyophaga icthyaetus

Just one in Kalamatiya.

34.       Crested Serpent-eagle - Spilornis cheela
Seen in Kitugala, Nuwara Eliya and Yala.

35.       Indian Black Eagle - Ictinaetus malayensis
Seen in Kitugala, Nuwara Eliya and Sinharaja.

36.       Changeable Hawk-eagle - Spizaetus cirrhatus
Seen in Kitugala, Bundala and Yala.

37.       Mountain Hawk-eagle - Spizaetus nipalensis
Seen in Hortons Plains and Kitugala.

38.       Common Kestrel - Falco tinnunculus
Seen in Bundala and Yala.

39.       Sri Lanka Spurfowl - Galloperdix bicalcarata
Seen firstly in Kalamatiya, then in Yala, Nuwara Eliya, Hortons Plains, Kitugala and Sinharaja.

40.       Sri Lanka Junglefowl - Gallus lafayetii
Good views of one female in Kitugala on the Makandawa Forest, and a second female in Sinharaja, before seeing a pair together well in Sinharaja.

41.       Indian Peafowl - Pavo cristatus
Seen in Kalamatiya, common in Yala.

42.       White-breasted Waterhen - Amaurornis phoenicurus

Common, especially in Kalamatiya and Bundala

43.       Watercock - Gallicrex cinera
Two seen in Deberawewa.

44.       Common Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus

Common, especially in Kalamatiya also seen in Yala.

45.       Indian Purple Swamphen - Porphyrio poliocephalus
Common, especially in Kalamatiya also seen in Yala.

46.       Pheasant-tailed Jacana - Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Common, especially in Kalamatiya also seen in Yala, Bundala.

47.       Sri Lanka Stilt - Himantopus himantopus [ceylonensis]
Common, especially in Kalamatiya also seen in Yala, Bundala.

48.       Great Thick-knee - Burhinus recurvirostris
Two seen in Bundala and another pair in Yala.

49.       Small Pratincole - Glareola maldivarum

Only two seen in Yala.

50.       Pacific Golden Plover - Pluvialis fulva
Seen in Bundala and Yala, in small numbers.

51.       Grey Plover - Pluvialis squatarola
Only seen in Kalamatiya and Bundala

52.       Common Ringed Plover - Charadrius hiaticula

Up to five in Bundala

53.       Little Ringed Plover - Charadrius dubius
One in Bundala, one in Yala.

54.       Kentish Plover - Charadrius alexandrinus
Common in Bundala, also seen Yala.

55.       Lesser Sand Plover - Charadrius mongolus
Common in Bundala, also seen Yala.

56.       Yellow-wattled Lapwing - Vanellus malabaricus
Common in Yala.

57.       Red-wattled Lapwing - Vanellus indicus
Common in Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala, also seen elsewhere too.

58.       Pintail Snipe - Gallinago stenura
Seen in Bundala and Yala.

59.       Black-tailed Godwit - Limosa limosa
Seen in Bundala and Yala.

60.       Whimbrel - Numenius phaeopus

Seen only in Kalamatiya.

61.       Curlew - Numenius arquata

Just one near Bundala.

62.       Common Redshank - Tringa totanus
Common, especially, Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

63.       Marsh Sandpiper - Tringa stagnatilis
Common, especially, Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

64.       Common Greenshank - Tringa nebularia
Seen in Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

65.       Wood Sandpiper - Tringa glareola
Seen in Bundala and Yala.

66.       Green Sandpiper - Tringa ochropus

One in Yala

67.       Common Sandpiper - Tringa hypoleucos
Common, especially, Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

68.       Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres
Only seen in Bundala.

69.       Little Stint - Calidris minuta
Seen in Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

70.       Curlew Sandpiper - Calidris ferruginea
Only in Bundala.

71.       Gull-billed Tern – Gelochelidon nilotica
Common

72.       Caspian Tern - Sterna caspia

Seen in Bundala and regularly in Kalamatiya.

73.       Great-crested Tern – Sterna bergii

Common around Kalamatiya

74.       Lesser-crested Tern – Sterna bengalensis

Only noted Kalamatiya

75.       Common Tern – Sterna hirundo

Common Kalamatiya, also seen Bundala.

76.       Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
Common Kalamatiya, also seen Bundala. Some dark winged birds were noted in Colombo around Mount Lavina, but couldn’t be certain if they were Saunders Terns.

77.       Whiskered Tern - Chlidonias hybridus
Common.

78.       Rock Dove - Columba livia
Some roosted on large rocks at sea in Kalamatiya

79.       Sri Lanka Wood-pigeon - Columba torringtoniae

Firstly at Welimama, where seen well then briefly at Kitugala and Hortons Plains.
 

80.       Spotted Dove - Streptopelia chinensis [ceylonensis]
Common.

81.       Emerald Dove - Chalcophaps indica
Common.

82.       Pompadour Green-pigeon - Treron pompadora

Best seen along the River Kelani at Kitugala, otherwise a couple of unsatisfactory brief glimpses.

83.       Orange-breasted Green pigeon - Treron bicinctus [leggei]
Seen in Bundala & Yala.

84.       Green Imperial-pigeon - Ducula aenea
Common.

85.       Sri Lanka Hanging-parrot - Loriculus beryllinus
Seen only in Nuwara Eliya and Kitugala and in transit to Sinharaja, but common in these areas.

86.       Alexandrine Parakeet - Psittacula eupatria
Common Kitugala

87.       Rose-ringed Parakeet - Psittacula krameri
Common, especially in Colombo and other populated areas. Also common in Kalamatiya.

88.       Sri Lanka Emerald Collared Parakeet - Psittacula calthropae
Only seen Kitugala, where seen well.

89.       Asian Koel - Eudynamys scolopacea
Common.

90.       Blue-faced Malkoha - Phaenicophaeus viridirostris
Seen in Kalamatiya, Bundala and Yala.

91.       Red-faced Malkoha - Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus

Five seen together moving through the trees the first evening in Sinharaja. The next day in Sinharaja, only one seen but seen very well.

92.       Sirkeer Malkoha - Taccocua leschenaultii
Just the one seen in Kalamatiya. Not sure why this was the case, it is reportedly more common.

93.       Greater Coucal - Centropus sinensis

Seen in Kalamatiya and Kitugala.
 

94.       Green-billed Coucal - Centropus chlororhynchus

Several attempts to locate this species failed at Kitugala, where it is reportedly most likely to be seen. However managed one the second day at Sinharaja after Nandana heard one while we were having breakfast.

95.       Chestnut – winged Cuckoo - Clamator coromandus

One at Sinharaja.

96.       Grey-bellied (Plaintive) Cuckoo – Cacomantis paserinus [merulinus]
Two birds at Yala.

97.       Collared Scops-Owl - Otus bakkamoena

Nandana arranged for me to visit a private residence near the wetland at Deberawewa where we seen a roosting bird at a regular roost site.

98.       Serendib Scop’s Owl - Otus thilohaffmani
Nandana found a roosting bird at Kitugala and I got fantastic views. We heard one briefly late on the second day at Sinharaja, but it was distant and already quite dark, so we decided it was not worth waiting having seen it well at Kitugala.

99.       Brown Fish-owl - Ketupa zeylonensis [zelyonensis]
Two birds seen in Yala at a presumed nest hole.

100.     Chestnut-backed Forest-Owlet - Glaucidium castanonotum 
A single at the Rafters retreat residence adjacent to the Kitugala Reshouse. Several previous attempts to see it around the usual spots at Sisira’s River Lodge all failed. Also heard a bird on the first morning at Sinharaja.Despite waiting and checking numerous angles into vegetation we couldn’t locate this one.

101.     Sri Lanka Frogmouth - Batrachostomus moniliger
A pair at a well known roost site between Martin’s Place and the main road in Sinharaja.

102.     Crested Treeswift - Hemiprocne coronata [longipennis]
Common in Kalamatiya and Yala, only seen perched at Yala, early in the day.

103.     Indian Swiftlet - Collocalia unicolor
Common

104.     Asian Palm-swift - Cypsiurus balasiensis [parvus]
Common

105.     Little Swift – Apus affinis
Seen in Kalamatiya and Bundala.

106.     Malabar Trogon - Harpactes fasciatus
Seen daily in Sinharaja.

107.     Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis
Seen in Colombo, Kalamatiya and many other locations.

108.     Stork-billed Kingfisher - Pelargopsis capensis
Seen in Yala, Deberawewa, Kitugala, and in transit.

109.     White-breasted Kingfisher - Halcyon smyrnensis
Common.

110.     Pied Kingfisher - Ceryle rudis
Seen only in Kalamatiya (where common) and Bundala.

111.     Little Green Bee-eater - Merops orientalis [ceylonicus]
Common

112.     Blue-tailed Bee-eater - Merops philippinus [superciliosus]
Common

113.     Chestnut-headed Bee-eater - Merops leschenaulti
One in Kalamatiya and a pair on the way to Sinharaja.

114.     Hoopoe - Upupa epops

Seen in Bundala and Yala.

115.     Indian Roller - Coracias benghalensis
Seen in Bundala and Yala.

116.     Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill - Ocyceros gingalensis
Only seen in Kitugala, where up to 15 were seen on second day having seen smaller numbers the first afternoon.

117.     Malabar Pied-hornbill - Anthracoceros coronatus
Great views of a pair in Yala.

118.     Brown-headed Barbet - Megalaima zeylanica
Common.

119.     Sri Lanka Yellow-fronted Barbet - Megalaima flavifrons
Common within its range.

120.     Coppersmith Barbet - Megalaima haemacephala
Seen around Deberawewa and in Yala.

121.     Lesser Yellownape - Picus chlorolophus

One in Sinharaja.

122.     Brown-capped Woodpecker - Picoides moluccensis [gymnopthalamus]
One in Kitugala.

123.     Black-rumped Flameback - Dinopium benghalense [psarodes]

Common

124.     Crimson-backed (Greater) Flameback - Chrysocolapteus stricklandii
A pair in Hortons Plain and a pair in Sinharaja.

125.     Indian Pitta - Pitta brachyura [moluccensis]
One in Yala and one at the tea plantation at Martins Place, Sinharaja.

126.     Jerdon’s Bushlark - Mirafra affinis

Common in Yala.

127.     Oriental Skylark - Alauda gulgula
Common in Bundala and Yala.

128.     Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark - Eremopterix grisea
Common in Bundala and Yala.

129.     Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica
Common. Warmly coloured underparts noted on several in Kalamatiya (H.r. tytleri?)

130.     Hill Swallow - Hirundo domicola
Common only in Hortons Plains.

131.     Sri Lanka Swallow - Hirundo hyperythra
Nowhere common but seen several times.

132.     Paddyfield Pipit - Anthus rufulus
Common especially on Horton’s Plains.

133.     Forest Wagtail - Dendronanthus indicus
One at Ella, and a few other sightings.

134.     Grey Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea

Common especially on Horton’s Plains.

135.     Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flava 
Birds in Bundala and Yala, looked most like Grey-headed Wagtail M. f. thunbergi

136.     Scarlet Minivet - Pericrocotus flammeus

A pair in Yala

137.     Small Minivet - Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

A pair in Kitugala

138.     Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike - Hemipus picatus [leggi]

One on the trails in Hortons Plain and onother on the way to Sinharaja.

139.     Sri Lanka Woodshrike - Tephrodornis affins

Two seen on separate occasions around Kalamatiya and another in Yala.

140.     Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatus
Common, one bird looked like the grey headed Phillipine Shrike L.c. lucionensis

141.     Black-headed (Black-crested) Yellow Bulbul - Pycnonotus melanicterus
Common but only in Kitugala and Sinharaja.

142.     Red-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus cafer
Common.

143.     Sri Lanka Yellow-eared Bulbul - Pycnonotus penicillatus
Great views of birds in Hortons Plain

144.     White-browed Bulbul - Pycnonotus luteolus
Common in Kalamatiya, also seen in Bundala and Yala.

145.     Yellow-browed Bulbul - Iole indica
Common.

146.     Asian Black Bulbul - Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Common but only in Kitugala and Sinharaja.

147.     Common Iora - Aegithina tiphia

One Yala, one Sinharaja.

148.     Marshall’s White-tailed Iora - Aegithina nigrolutea
One in Yala, and another at a location in transit.

149.     Jerdon’s Leafbird - Chloropsis jerdoni
Seen only a few times at various locations.

150.     Indian Blue Robin - Luscinia brunnea
One in Victoria park and another near the falls in Hortons Plains

151.     Oriental Magpie-robin - Copsychus saularis

Common.

152.     White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus [leggei]
One, Kalamatiya.

153.     Pied Stonechat - Saxicola caprata
Only seen in Hortons Plain, where seemed quite common.

154.     Indian Black-backed Robin - Saxicoloides fulicatus

Common

155.     Sri Lanka Whistling-thrush - Myiophonus blighi
At the first pool on right hand side of track in Hortons Plain National Park, we waited from as soon as we could get into the site at 6am. A male eventually showed at about 6.30 am showing very well at close range on two separate occasions for some minutes. Excellent views. No birds were heard and this male was silent during the time he was present at this site.

156.     Spot-winged Thrush - Zoothera spiloptera

Seen a few times but only in Kitugala and Sinharaja, usually early in the morning.

157.     Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush – Zoothera imbricata

One seen eventually in Sinharaja. Had heard four birds between the two days in Sinharaja, but despite waiting patiently, none showed. Eventually seen a bird well walking back down the track late on in the last day at Sinharaja.

158.     Pied Thrush - Zoothera wardii

One male in Victoria Park, Nuwara Eliya.

159.     Indian Blackbird - Turdus simillimus [kinnisii]
Several at the entrance to Hortons Plain, early in the morning, none thereafter.

160.     Sri Lanka Bush-warbler - Bradypterus palliseri
One showed very well at the Whistling Thrush pool in Hortons Plain. It or another was seen shortly afterwards at a different location near Whistling Thrush pool in Hortons Plain.

161.     Grey-breasted Prinia - Prinia hodgonsii [leggei]
Common in Kalamatiya

162.     Plain Prinia - Prinia subflava

Common.

163.     Clamorous Reed-warbler - Acrocephalus stentoreus

Heard (possibly seen!) Bundala

164.     Blyth’s Reed Warbler - Acrocephalus dumetorum

Seen in Victoria Park and in Hortons Plains.

165.     Common Tailorbird - Orthotomus sutorius
Common.

166.     Greenish Warbler - Phylloscopus trochiloides
A few seen at various locations appeared to be this species and were unfortunately silent.

167.     Brown-breasted Flycatcher - Muscicapa muttui
Common in Sinharaja.

168.     Kashmir Flycatcher - Ficedula subrubra
A male and female in Victoria Park, Nuwara Eliya.

169.     Dull-blue Flycatcher - Eumyias sordida
Managed to see a bird after hearing several, eventually showed well at Hortons Plains.

170.     Tickell's Blue-flycatcher - Cyornis tickelliae
Common.

171.     Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher - Culicicapa ceylonensis
Up to three in Hortons Plains.

172.     White-browed Fantail - Rhipidura aureola
Seen in Yala.

173.     Black-naped Blue Monarch - Hypothymis azurea
Several in Kitugala, also seen in Sinharaja.

174.     Asian Paradise-Flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisi
A few long tailed white males and several females seen. No long tailed male T. p. ceylonensis seen

175.     Ashy-headed Laughingthrush - Garrulax cinereifrons
Common in Sinharaja.

176.     Brown-capped Babbler - Pellorneum fuscocapillum
One bird seen on the track side in Sinharaja gave excellent views. This was the only encounter.

177.     Sri Lanka Scimitar-babbler - Pomatorhinus melanurus
Seen well in Hortons Plains and Sinharaja

178.     Tawny-bellied Babbler - Dumetia hyperythra
Only seen in Yala.

179.     Dark-fronted Babbler - Rhopocichla atriceps
Common

180.     Orange-billed Babbler - Turdoides rufescens
Seen in Kitugala and Sinharaja where they appeared common.

181.     Yellow-billed Babbler - Turdoides affinis
Common, especially in Kalamatiya.

182.     Great Tit - Parus major
Several in Hortons Pains.

183.     Velvet-fronted Nuthatch - Sitta frontalis
Several in Hortons Pains.

184.     Purple-rumped Sunbird - Nectarinia zeylonica
Common.

185.     Long-billed Sunbird - Nectarinia lotenia
Common.

186.     Purple Sunbird - Nectarinia asiatica

Common.

187.     Legge’s White-throated Flowerpecker - Dicaeum vincens
Distant views in Kitugala, and Sinharaja, before finally one gave good views trailside in Sinharaja.

188.     Pale-billed Flowerpecker - Dicaeum erythrorhynchos
Common.

189.     Sri Lanka White-eye - Zosterops ceylonensis
Common within range, especially so in Sinharaja.

190.     Oriental White-eye - Zosterops palpebrosus
Seen in Kalamatiya and Kitugala.

191.     Black-hooded Oriole - Oriolus xanthornus
Common.

192.     Sri Lanka Crested Drongo - Dicrurus lophorinus
Only seen in Sinharaja where good numbers seen the first day.

193.     White-bellied Drongo - Dicrurus caerulescens
Common, especially in Kalamatiya and Kitugala.

194.     Sri Lanka Blue Magpie - Urocissa ornata
Apart from the early morning birds visiting Martins Place, seen a few along the trails in Sinharaja.

195.     House Crow - Corvus splendens
Common.

196.     Large-billed Crow - Corvus macrorhynchos
Only seen in Kalamatiya once. Several on Hortons Plain and also Sinharaja.

197.     White-faced Starling - Sturnus senex
One in Sinharaja

198.     Brahminy Starling - Sturnus pagodarum

Only seen in Yala where several gave great views.

199.     Rose-coloured Starling - Sturnus roseus
Seemed very common in Bundala, and then nowhere else.

200.     Common Myna - Acridotheres tristis
Common

201.     Sri Lanka Myna - Gracula ptilogenys

Two pairs seen separately in Sinharaja.

201.     Lesser Hill Myna - Gracula indica
Seen in Kitugala and on the way to Nuwara Eliya.

203.     House Sparrow - Passer domesticus
Locally common, especially around Kalamatiya.

204.     Baya Weaver - Ploceus philippinus
Only seen in Yala.

205.     White-rumped Munia - Lonchura striata
Common especially in Kitugala.

206.     Sri Lanka Black-throated Munia - Lonchura kelaarti
Unsatisfactory views at a location in transit and then seen well in Hortons Plains

207.     Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulata
Common especially in Kalamatiya.

208.     Black-headed Munia - Lonchura malacca
Common in Bundala.

209.     Ashy Woodswallow - Artamus fuscus

Regularly seen in Kalamatiya and also noted in Bundala.

 

Mammals of Sri Lanka

1.                  Sri Lanka Elephant - Elephas maximus [maximus]

Seen on five separate occasions in Yala, firstly a female and calf, then female and two calves, female and calf and female and two calves, and on leaving the park a large bull.

2.                  Toque Macaque - Macaca sinica [sinica]

Seen on many occasions in Bundala, Yala in particular.

3.                  Tufted Grey Langur - Semnopithecus priam

Seen several occasions from Kalametiya, Yala and often in transit on roadsides.

4.                  Purple-faced Langur - Trachypithecus vetulus

Two subspecies of this endemic primate are found in Sri Lanka, Trachypithecus vetulus vetulus in Sinharaja and Trachypithecus vetulus monticola in Hortons Plains.

5.                  Golden Jackal - Canus aureus

A group of three were seen patrolling in Yala

6.                  Indian Gray Mongoose - Herpestes edwardsii

Seen patrolling in Yala

7.                  Ruddy Mongoose - Herpestes smithii

Seen patrolling in Yala

8.                  Sri Lanka Leopard - Panthera pardus [kotiya]

Two seen in Yala. Initially one crossing the track before jumping into a tree just off the track where it joined a second leopard already sitting. They both then dropped into vegetation and moved off.

9.                  Wild Boar - Sus scrofa

A large group in Yala containg many adults and group of juveniles

10.              Spotted Deer - Cervus axis [ceylonensis]

Large groups seen, especially in Yala

11.              Sri Lanka Sambar Deer - Cervus unicolor [unicolor]

Several sightings throughout Sri Lanka, usually singles of very small groups.

12.              Yellow-striped Mouse Deer - Moschila kathygre

A single animal at Kalametiya on the edge of a small lagoon.

13.              Water Buffalo - Bubalus bubalis

Seen in Bundala and Yala

14.              Layard’s Palm Squirrel - Funambulus layardi

Seen in Sinharaja

15.              Indian Palm Squirrel - Funambulus palmarum

Very common throughout Sri Lanka

16.              Dusky Palm Squirrel - Funambulus sublineatus

Seen in Sinharaja.

17.              Grizzled Giant Squirrel - Ratufa macroura

Seen in Horton’s Plains, Sinharaja and Kitugala.

18.              Black-naped Hare - Lepus nigricollis

Seen in Yala and one near Hortons Plains.

Author/s of the report: 
Tony Murray
Group size: 
2
Members of the group (clients): 
Tony Murray
Sarah
Tour Guide: 
Nandana

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